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Pediatric Leukemia

Key Points About Leukemia in Children

  • Leukemia is cancer of the blood. It's the most common kind of cancer in children.
  • The cancer cells grow in the bone marrow and go into the blood.
  • Common symptoms of leukemia in children include feeling tired and weak, easy bruising or bleeding, and frequent or long-lasting infections.
  • Leukemia is diagnosed with blood and bone marrow tests. Imaging may be done to look for signs of leukemia in different parts of the body.
  • Chemotherapy is the main treatment for most children with leukemia.
  • Ongoing follow-up care is needed during and after treatment.

Leukemia Care at Children's National Hospital

The leukemia team at Children's National, which consists of doctors, nurses, researchers, social workers, a psychologist, an art therapist, a child life specialist, a nutritionist and a chaplain, work collaboratively to provide the best care for patients.

Children’s National leukemia patients have access to the most current therapies in treating pediatric cancer through the Leukemia and Lymphoma Program, a part of Children’s Oncology Group (COG), a clinical trial cooperative group supported by the National Cancer Institute. The dedicated team of physicians, nurses and scientists conduct clinical trials and perform research to identify cancer causes and pioneer treatments and cures.

Currently, nearly 200 leukemia and lymphoma patients are receiving treatment and participating in clinical studies at Children’s National.

In addition, the Patient and Family Support Program provides comprehensive mental health and psychosocial services and helpful resources for all patients treated in the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders, as well as patients’ parents and siblings.

Children's Team

Children's Team


Locations that Treat this Condition

Locations that Treat this Condition

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Our Stories

Our Stories

headshot of Carly Nguyen

Carly's Story

Bone marrow experts and a selfless donation save a local teen’s life.

Chris teaser image

Chris's Story

When Chris's parents noticed he had lingering pain and swollen lymph nodes, they knew it was time to take him to the doctor.

Molly dancing

Molly's Story

Saved by a bone marrow donation from her brother, Davis, and strengthened by a personalized T-cell therapy post transplant, Molly’s life is back on track and she’s dancing again.



Experimental Therapeutics Program

With exclusive access to new treatments, the Experimental Therapeutics Program at Children’s National offers renewed hope for a good outcome to all families.

Leukemia Lymphoma Program

We deliver comprehensive care for all blood cancers including chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant and experimental therapeutics.

Blood and Marrow Transplant

Our blood and bone marrow disease experts provide advanced transplant procedures for children and teenagers.


Our oncology (cancer) team provides personalized treatment plans for children with cancer, including access to clinical trials.