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Pediatric Hydrocephalus

Key Points About Hydrocephalus in Children

  • A baby with hydrocephalus has extra cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) around the brain. The baby's head may look larger than normal.
  • This is a rare condition.
  • A healthcare provider may diagnose this condition during an ultrasound in pregnancy.  
  • The goal of treatment is to reduce the pressure inside your baby's head. This is done by draining the fluid or decreasing its production.
  • The key to treating this condition is getting it diagnosed and treated early, and preventing infections.


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Frequently Asked Questions

What is hydrocephalus in children?

What causes hydrocephalus in a child?

What are the symptoms of hydrocephalus in a child?

How is hydrocephalus diagnosed in a child?

How is hydrocephalus in a child treated?

What are possible complications from the shunts or surgery for hydrocephalus in a child?

What can I do to prevent hydrocephalus in my child?

How can I help my child live with hydrocephalus?

When should I call my child's health care provider?

When should I call 911?

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Every one of our neurologists has specialized training in child neurology and all have fields of expertise in subsets of child neurology. Discover more about the treatments we offer.

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Providers Who Treat Hydrocephalus

Departments that Treat Hydrocephalus

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Whether your infant has arrived prematurely or has a critical illness, the Children's National Hospital's top-ranked team assists in coordinating every service you and your baby need, including consultations, assessments, emergency treatments and continuing care.

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Our neurosurgery experts provide advanced care for newborns and children with complex neurological conditions.

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Our pediatric neuroscience team is the largest in the country, allowing us to offer our vast experience to patients and families.