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Pediatric Cloverleaf Deformity

Cloverleaf deformity is an extremely rare skull deformity that happens when several joints (sutures) between a baby's skull bones begin to fuse too early. Also known as Kleeblattschädel syndrome, the cloverleaf deformity causes bulging at the front and sides of the skull, resembling a cloverleaf shape.

Babies with cloverleaf deformity often have related problems such as:

  • Fluid collecting in the skull
  • Pfeiffer syndrome: Disorder with other conditions including neurological and developmental problems in the fingers and toes
  • Problems breathing because of facial deformities


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Frequently Asked Questions

What causes cloverleaf deformity in children?

What are the symptoms of cloverleaf deformity in children?

How is cloverleaf deformity diagnosed in children?

How is cloverleaf deformity treated in children?


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    Departments that Treat Cloverleaf Deformity

    Rare Disease Institute - Genetics and Metabolism

    Children's National Rare Disease Institute (CNRDI) is a first-of-its-kind center focused exclusively on advancing the care and treatment of children and adults with rare genetic diseases.

    craniofacial patient

    Cleft and Craniofacial Program

    The Cleft and Craniofacial Program at Children's National brings together experts from 10 pediatric disciplines to provide complete care for children with craniofacial disorders. Our multidisciplinary pediatric team helps more than 400 children every year.