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Pediatric Rheumatic Fever

Key Points About Rheumatic Fever

  • Rheumatic fever is a complex disease that affects the joints, skin, heart, blood vessels and brain.
  • It occurs after an infection with strep bacteria, such as strep throat or scarlet fever.
  • Symptoms may include joint inflammation, small, hard bumps under the skin, jerky movements, a rash and fever.
  • Treatment includes antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medicine and bed rest.
  • Your child will need to have ongoing treatment to stop the disease from coming back.


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Frequently Asked Questions

What is rheumatic fever in children?

What causes rheumatic fever in children?

Who is at risk for rheumatic fever in children?

What are the symptoms of rheumatic fever in children?

How is rheumatic fever in children diagnosed?

What is the treatment for rheumatic fever in children?

What are possible complications of rheumatic fever in children?

Can rheumatic fever be prevented in children?

How can I help my child live with rheumatic fever?

When should I call my child's healthcare provider?

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Rheumatology Treatment at Children's National Hospital

Pediatric specialists at Children's National Hospital in Washington, D.C., have the expertise to diagnose, treat and manage autoimmune and inflammatory disorders in a growing child's muscles, tissues and joints. Discover more about the treatments we offer.

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Invest in future cures for some of life's most devastating diseases. Give today to help more children grow up stronger.

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Providers Who Treat Rheumatic Fever

Departments that Treat Rheumatic Fever

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The Division of Rheumatology aims to improve the health and quality of life for children with rheumatic diseases and musculoskeletal disorders through comprehensive, patient-focused care, including testing, treatment, and patient and family education programs.

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