Skip to main content


Pediatric Retinoblastoma

Key Points About Retinoblastoma in Children

  • Retinoblastoma is a rare cancer of the retina of the eye. The retina is a specialized group of nerve cells located in the back of the eye. These light sensing cells are connected to the brain and optic nerve which allows sight.
  • The cancer may be passed on from parents (inherited) or it may occur by chance (sporadic).
  • The most common symptoms are an abnormal white reflection from the retina (leukocoria) and misaligned eyes (strabismus).
  • It’s diagnosed by a dilated indirect ophthalmoscopic exam.
  • In the U.S., the prognosis for most children with retinoblastoma is very good.
  • There are many treatments for retinoblastoma including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, laser therapy and cryotherapy.


Our team is standing by to schedule your child’s appointment.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is retinoblastoma in children?

What causes retinoblastoma in children?

What are the symptoms of retinoblastoma in children?

How is retinoblastoma in children diagnosed?

How is retinoblastoma treated in children?

What are possible complications of retinoblastoma in a child?

How can I help my child live with retinoblastoma?

When should I call my child’s healthcare provider?

guitar player plays for baby patient

Cancer Treatment at Children's National Hospital

The pediatric cancer experts at Children’s National in Washington, D.C., provide highly-specialized care for children in our innovative, comprehensive cancer programs. Discover more about the treatments we offer.

guitar player plays for baby patient
Girl Smiling and Clapping

Help Kids and Make a Difference

Invest in future cures for some of life's most devastating diseases. Give today to help more children grow up stronger.

Girl Smiling and Clapping

    Departments that Treat Retinoblastoma

    Young Girl Patient with Radiology Nurse in Hallway

    Neurointerventional Radiology Program

    Our Neurointerventional Radiology Program targets the tiniest spaces in a child's brain or spine using catheters and imaging to treat vascular conditions without more invasive surgery.

    Young girl smiling in waiting room


    Our oncology (cancer) team provides personalized treatment plans for children with cancer, including access to clinical trials.

    Young boy and provider giving each other a high five

    Solid Tumor Program

    Our Solid Tumor Program has a dedicated team of sarcoma experts who specialize in the newest treatments and clinical trials.