Key Points About Retinoblastoma in Children
- Retinoblastoma is a rare cancer of the retina of the eye. The retina is a specialized group of nerve cells located in the back of the eye. These light sensing cells are connected to the brain and optic nerve which allows sight.
- The cancer may be passed on from parents (inherited) or it may occur by chance (sporadic).
- The most common symptoms are an abnormal white reflection from the retina (leukocoria) and misaligned eyes (strabismus).
- It’s diagnosed by a dilated indirect ophthalmoscopic exam.
- In the U.S., the prognosis for most children with retinoblastoma is very good.
- There are many treatments for retinoblastoma including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, laser therapy and cryotherapy.
Frequently Asked Questions
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Cancer Treatment at Children's National Hospital
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Departments that Treat Retinoblastoma
Solid Tumor Program
Our Solid Tumor Program has a dedicated team of sarcoma experts who specialize in the newest treatments and clinical trials.
Neurointerventional Radiology Program
Our Neurointerventional Radiology Program targets the tiniest spaces in a child's brain or spine using catheters and imaging to treat vascular conditions without more invasive surgery.
Our oncology (cancer) team provides personalized treatment plans for children with cancer, including access to clinical trials.