Skip to main content

Condition

Pediatric Tuberculosis

Key Points about Tuberculosis

  • Tuberculosis (TB) is an ongoing (chronic infection) caused by bacteria. It usually infects the lungs. But other organs such as the kidneys, spine or brain may be affected.
  • A child can be infected with TB bacteria and not have active disease.
  • The most common symptoms of active TB include fever, cough, weight loss and chills.
  • TB is diagnosed with a TB skin or blood test, chest X-ray, sputum tests, and possibly other testing or biopsies.
  • TB treatment requires medicines for a few months. The amount of time and the number of medicines needed varies depending on the stage of TB and other factors. Treatment for active TB may include a short-term hospital stay to be treated with medicine.

Appointments

Our team is standing by to schedule your child’s appointment.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is tuberculosis in children?

What causes TB in a child?

Which children are at risk for TB?

What are the symptoms of TB in a child?

How is TB diagnosed in a child?

How is TB treated in my child?

How can I help prevent TB in my child?

When should I call my child’s healthcare provider?

A boy looking out the window.

Infectious Diseases Treatment at Children's National Hospital

Our Division of Infectious Diseases is the major referral center for infectious diseases in the Washington, D.C., area, helping thousands of young patients each year with contagious conditions. Discover more about the treatments we offer.

A boy looking out the window.
Girl Smiling and Clapping

Help Kids and Make a Difference

Invest in future cures for some of life's most devastating diseases. Give today to help more children grow up stronger.

Girl Smiling and Clapping

PATIENT STORY

Molly's Story

Providers Who Treat Tuberculosis

Departments that Treat Tuberculosis

young patient plays with paper airplanes

Infectious Diseases

Our Division of Infectious Diseases is the major referral center for infectious diseases in the Washington, D.C., area, helping thousands of patients each year, and actively promoting prevention through community outreach and education.