Skip to main content


Pediatric Orthopaedic Birth Defects

What are orthopaedic birth defects?

Orthopaedic birth defects include a wide range of conditions affecting a baby’s bones and muscles, tendons and ligaments that connect them. These conditions occur while your baby is developing in the uterus.

Some orthopaedic birth defects heal on their own and don’t require treatment. Others can lead to complications if left untreated, including:

  • Difficulty walking and running
  • Bone destruction
  • Deformities in bones, muscles and joints of the limbs
  • Arthritis in later life 

Learn more about our Spine Program and Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine at Children's National Hospital.


Our team is standing by to schedule your child’s appointment.

Frequently Asked Questions

What causes orthopaedic birth defects?

Types of orthopaedic birth defects

Symptoms of orthopaedic birth defects

How are orthopaedic birth defects diagnosed?

Treatments for orthopaedic birth defects

Orthopaedic surgeon and male patient walking in hallway

Spinal Treatment at Children's National Hospital

Children’s National offers children with spinal deformities a range of treatments, including innovative casting techniques, surgical procedures and rehabilitation programs to improve their chance for normal spinal function. Discover more about the treatments we offer.

Orthopaedic surgeon and male patient walking in hallway
Girl Smiling and Clapping

Help Kids and Make a Difference

Invest in future cures for some of life's most devastating diseases. Give today to help more children grow up stronger.

Girl Smiling and Clapping


Finn's Story

Providers Who Treat Orthopaedic Birth Defects

    Departments that Treat Orthopaedic Birth Defects

     Dr. Tabaie and patient in a cast

    Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine

    From sprains and strains to complex congenital conditions, Children's National Hospital offers one of the most experienced pediatric orthopaedic practices in the nation, with experience in treating all areas from head to toe.

    Skeletal Dysplasia Clinic

    For more than 25 years, the Skeletal Dysplasia Clinic has provided multidisciplinary care for infants, children, and young adults with various forms of skeletal disorders.

    Limb Lengthening

    Using a family-centered approach, Children's National delivers specialized care to help children with limb length discrepancies achieve equal limb length.