Skip to main content


Neonatal Graves Disease (Hyperthyroidism)

Key Points About Graves Disease in Babies

  • Graves disease is an autoimmune disease. With Graves disease, antibodies cause the thyroid gland to make too much thyroid hormone. This is known as hyperthyroidism.
  • Excess thyroid hormone in the bloodstream leads to the body's metabolism being too active. It can cause problems such as low weight, fast heartbeat, high blood pressure, heart failure and other issues.
  • Graves disease in a newborn often occurs when the mother has or had Graves disease. Graves disease in a pregnant woman can result in stillbirth, miscarriage or preterm birth.
  • If not diagnosed shortly after birth, Graves disease can be fatal to a newborn baby.
  • With treatment right away, babies usually recover fully within a few weeks. However, Graves disease may recur during the first 6 months to 1 year of life.
  • Treatment may include medicine.
  • A pregnant woman who had or has Graves disease needs to tell her healthcare provider as soon as she knows she is pregnant. This is so the baby can be checked at birth and treated right away if needed.


Our team is standing by to schedule your child’s appointment.

Frequently Asked Questions


What is Graves disease?

What causes Graves disease in newborn babies?

Which children are at risk for Graves disease?

What are the symptoms of Graves disease in newborn babies?

How is Graves disease diagnosed in newborn babies?

How is Graves disease treated in newborn babies?

What are possible complications of Graves disease in newborn babies?

What can I do to prevent Graves disease?

How can I help my child live with Graves disease?

When should I call my child's healthcare provider?

Endocrine Treatment at Children's National Hospital

The Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes at Children's National is a nationally recognized leader in providing quality care and innovative treatment for children. Discover more about the treatments we offer.

Girl Smiling and Clapping

Help Kids and Make a Difference

Invest in future cures for some of life's most devastating diseases. Give today to help more children grow up stronger.

Girl Smiling and Clapping


Lakin's Story

    Departments that Treat Neonatal Graves Disease (Hyperthyroidism)

    Young girl smiling in waiting room

    Endocrinology and Diabetes

    Learn more about the�Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes which is a�nationally recognized leader in treating a variety of endocrine disorders.