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Pediatric Learning Disabilities and Neurofibromatosis

As many as 80% of all children with neurofibromatosis will have associated difficulties that affect learning, including attention problems, memory problems, spatial perception difficulties, and selective problems in reading or mathematics. These learning disabilities may dramatically affect the lives of children with neurofibromatosis; however it is believed that early diagnosis and intervention can lead to better outcomes.

Although researchers do not fully understand why neurofibromatosis type 1 is associated with cognitive disabilities, the same gene defect that has been associated with tumors (a loss of the NF1 gene) seems to underlie these difficulties, as the lack of the NF1 gene results in abnormal growth and maturation of the brain and abnormal brain circuitry.


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Frequently Asked Questions

How are learning disabilities in children diagnosed?

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Providers Who Treat Learning Disabilities and Neurofibromatosis

    Departments that Treat Learning Disabilities and Neurofibromatosis

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    Our pediatric neuroscience team is the largest in the country, allowing us to offer our vast experience to patients and families.

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    The Gilbert Family Neurofibromatosis Institute

    Learn more about our world-renowned Gilbert Family Neurofibromatosis Institute, which helps children with neurofibromatosis type 1 or 2 live more normal lives.