Tumors of the optic nerve and visual pathway are the most common types of brain tumors in children with neurofibromatosis. Affecting nearly 20% of all children with neurofibromatosis, tumors can be incidental findings found on neuroimaging studies performed on asymptomatic children or progressive lesions that cause visual loss and other types of neurologic complications.
About half of all visual pathway and optic nerve tumors occur in children with neurofibromatosis. In general, the rate of progression is somewhat slower and the degree of visual and neurologic disability caused by optic nerve gliomas is less in children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). In some cases, however, the tumor can grow rapidly and cause unilateral or bilateral blindness.
Frequently Asked Questions
How are optic nerve gliomas diagnosed in children?
What is the treatment for optic nerve gliomas in children?
Departments that Treat Optic Nerve Gliomas
The Gilbert Family Neurofibromatosis Institute
Learn more about our world-renowned Gilbert Family Neurofibromatosis Institute, which helps children with neurofibromatosis type 1 or 2 live more normal lives.
Our specialized pediatric ophthalmologists are experts at recognizing and treating complex eye conditions in infants and children.