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Because cloaca can be very complex, making an accurate diagnosis requires a thorough physical examination and various diagnostic tests, starting at birth. It is critical to have a detailed understanding of the anatomy of the malformation when creating a surgical plan for each patient.

What are the diagnostic tests and tools performed to diagnose cloacal malformations?



Voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) and cloacagram

MRI of the spine and pelvis

Endoscopic examination