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Pediatric Brachial Plexus Palsy

Key Points About Brachial Plexus Palsy in Children

  • Brachial plexus palsy in newborns is caused by injury to the nerve roots, or nerves to the arm, often during the birthing process.
  • About one to two in 1,000 full-term newborns experience brachial plexus palsy.
  • Depending on whether your baby’s nerves are stretched or torn, physical therapy or surgery may be necessary to treat the injury.
  • Risk factors for brachial plexus palsy may include: diabetes – preexisting or gestational, abnormal position of baby (especially breech), mid- or high-forceps delivery, large size and/or wide shoulders of baby.
Children's Team

Children's Team


Jeffrey Rabin

Jeffrey Rabin

Vice-Chair, Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Pediatric Rehabilitation Specialist
Chronic Pain Specialist


Movement Disorders Program

The Movement Disorders Program at Children’s National Hospital offers evaluation, diagnosis and treatment to more than 400 children each year with conditions that affect the speed, quality and ease of their movement.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

The Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation treats and monitors infants, children and teens at all stages of inpatient and outpatient rehabilitative care. 


Our neurosurgery experts provide advanced care for newborns and children with complex neurological conditions.


Our pediatric neuroscience team is the largest in the country, allowing us to offer our vast experience to patients and families.