About the Lab
Led by National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded investigator, Monika Goyal, M.D., MSCE, the overarching goal of the Addressing Disparities through Advocacy, Prevention and Technology (ADAPT) research lab is to address inequities in both the provision of care and health outcomes through Emergency Department-based interventions for youth.
Emergency Department (ED) care is available to all people at all times, regardless of insurance status, race, ethnicity or socioeconomic status, and acts as a safety net and critical source of health care for children with limited access to primary care. Given this unique role, our team aims to develop interventions to further improve the health of our community, with a focus on health disparities and social determinants of health, sexual health, and firearm injury prevention.
Highlights from the lab
Disparities in SARS-CoV-2 among Children
The ADAPT lab team was the first in the United States to report racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in SARS-CoV-2 infection rates among children.
Firearm Mortality from Law Enforcement Higher Among Black and Hispanic Children
In a recently published study, the ADAPT lab team found that Black and Hispanic children were more likely to die from police shootings compared to non-Hispanic white children.
Racial and ethnic disparities in firearm-related pediatric deaths related to legal interventionBadolato GM, Boyle MD, McCarter R, Zeoli AM, Terrill W, Goyal MK Pediatrics 146(6) December (2020)
Racial and/or ethnic and socioeconomic disparities of SARS-CoV-2 infection among childrenGoyal MK, Simpson JN, Boyle MD, Badolato GM, Delaney M, McCarter R, Cora-Bramble D Pediatrics 146(4) October (2020)
Racial and ethnic differences in emergency department pain management of children with fracturesMonika K. Goyal, Tiffani J. Johnson, James M. Chamberlain, Lawrence Cook, Michael Webb, Amy L. Drendel, Evaline Alessandrini, Lalit Bajaj, Scott Lorch, Robert W. Grundmeier, Elizabeth R. Alpern and PEDIATRIC EMERGENCY CARE APPLIED RESEARCH NETWORK (PECARN) Pediatrics 145(5) May (2020)
Frequency of prescription filling among adolescents prescribed treatment for STIs in the emergency departmentAlexandra Lieberman, Gia M. Badolato, Jennifer Tran, and Monika K. Goyal JAMA Pediatrics 144(2) August (2019)
Racial disparities in pain management of children with appendicitis in emergency departmentsGoyal MK, Kuppermann N, Cleary SD, Teach SJ, Chamberlain JM JAMA Pediatrics 169(11): 996-1002 November (2015)