Did you know that congenital heart disease is among the most common birth defects in the United States? Did you also know that Children's National Heart Institute is an international leader in pediatric cardiac care, with one of the highest success rates for cardiac surgery in the nation? Specialized pediatric cardiologists take care of heart issues beginning from the fetus to the adult with congenital heart disease.
Children's National performs more than two thirds of all cardiovascular surgeries on patients less than one year old. And half of these are on newborns, less than one month old. In addition to world-class surgery, advancement in catheter-based cardiac interventions is creating non-surgical options to repair congenital malformations.
Children's National pediatric cardiologists are going out to many area communities, so that children and families may be evaluated more conveniently in their own neighborhoods throughout DC, Maryland, and northern Virginia.
Children's National Specialists are Recognized as 'Top Doctors' in Northern Virginia Magazine
doctors from Children's National Medical Center and its affiliated
private practice were named as the region's "Top Doctors" in the
February 2011 issue of Northern Virginia Magazine. This year, Children's National expanded services in Northern Virginia through its affiliation with Children's National Specialists of Virginia, LLC. Children's National Specialists of Virginia is a private, physician office-based practice in Fairfax.
According to Northern Virginia Magazine, to determine the "Top
Docs 2011" the editors conducted peer nominations and augmented the
selection process by working with a panel of head doctors from nine
local hospitals including Children's National. The panel nominated
physicians based on internal evaluation, patient reviews, and overall
quality of care to determine the final list.
"We are very proud of the continued success of our physicians in
Northern Virginia and throughout the metropolitan area. Children's
National is the largest pediatric specialty presence in the region and
our doctors' ranking in this survey is evidence that our specialists are
highly regarded by their peers," said Edwin K. Zechman, President and
CEO, Children's National Medical Center. "I am pleased to congratulate
our Northern Virginia 'Top Docs.'"
Q & A Fevers What types of infections cause fevers?
The most common infections causing fever in children are viruses. A
viral infection generally goes away on its own as the body's immune
system kills the virus. Antibiotics do not help with viruses. One reason
to see a physician is to be sure that your child doesn't have a
bacterial infection, which can be treated with antibiotics. Common
bacterial infections include ear infections, strep throat, pneumonia,
urinary tract infections, and skin infections.
When is a fever harmful?
Fevers do not cause harm because the body's temperature regulation
system keeps the temperature from climbing too high. Elevated body
temperature may be harmful in heat stroke or in a reaction to some
medications used for general anesthesia.
Should you treat a fever?
Fever is a sign that your child's immune system is reacting
appropriately to kill an infection. In other words, fever is a normal
part of the immune system. We treat fever in children only because it
makes them more comfortable.
How do you treat a fever?
Treating a child with a cold bath is not helpful; in fact, it makes the
child more uncomfortable. If your child is feeling sore or achy with a
fever, using either acetaminophen or ibuprofen may "reset the
thermostat". Aspirin should never be given to children and teenagers
with a fever because of the risk of Reye's syndrome, a life-threatening
disease of the brain.
What is the best method for taking a child's temperature?
There are many different ways to measure body temperature. Most
pediatricians recommend an electronic thermometer. The most accurate
method is using a glass-mercury thermometer but concerns have arisen
about exposure to any level of mercury. The type of mercury that is in a
glass thermometer is not toxic unless heated in very large quantities.
When should you call your pediatrician?
An infant less than 2 months old with a fever (100.6 degrees Fahrenheit
or higher) should prompt a call to a pediatrician immediately. Infants
this age do not yet have adequate immune systems. Similarly, a child 2
months to 3 years old with a fever of 103 degrees or higher should also
prompt a call. At any age, symptoms of more serious infections that
require medical care include:
Shortness of breath
Inability to swallow
Pain that is unresponsive to acetaminophen or ibuprofen
A stiff neck, severe headache, or photophobia (pain when light is shown in the eyes)
Dehydration (no urination in 8 hours)
A rapidly spreading rash or a rash with bruises
Becoming more irritable or more lethargic
Fever in a child who does not have a normal immune system (e.g. sickle cell, cancer, immune disorders, or chronic steroid use)
It is never too early to start reading to your child. Reading
provides a perfect opportunity for fun and parent/child bonding. Make
reading a part of your child's everyday routine and keep in mind that it
is okay if you only squeeze in a few minutes each day. Young children
have short attention spans. They will want to sit and read with you
longer as they grow older.
The Perfect Book
In addition to incorporating story time into your child's routine, be
sure to choose an appropriate book. Kids like books that include things
they know about and reflect their experiences.
For example, 6 to 12-month-old infants like small board books with
pictures of babies, while a 24 to 34-month-old toddler likes books with
both board and paper pages about families, friends, food, and animals.
The latter group also likes rhymes and repetitious text that they can
learn by heart. Three to 5-year-old children enjoy books that tell
stories about kids like them. Books about going to school, making
friends, or going different places will interest them.
What Parents Can Do
According to Reach Out And Read, a clinic-based program that promotes
early literacy, parents can take several steps to help their child meet
the developmental milestones of early literacy, including:
6 to 12 months
Hold child comfortably, face-to-face gaze
Follow baby's cues for "more" and "stop"
Point and name pictures
12 to 24 months
Respond to child's prompting to read
Let the child control the book
Be comfortable with toddler's short attention span