2006 Pediatric-Related News Archives

New Disaster-Preparedness Resource Provides Valuable Information for Pediatricians and Emergency Response Planners (11/14/2006)

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in partnership with the American Academy of Pediatrics, recently released Pediatric Terrorism and Disaster Preparedness: A Resource for Pediatricians.

The resource is intended to increase awareness about the unique needs of children and encourage collaboration among pediatricians, state and local emergency response planners, health care systems, and others involved in planning and response efforts for natural disasters and terrorism incidents.

AAP/ACEP Release Policy Statement on Family-Centered Care (11/14/2006)

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) announces the publication of the joint AAP/American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) policy statement "Patient- and Family-Centered Care and the Role of the Emergency Physician Providing Care to a Child in the Emergency Department".

The statement was published simultaneously in November's Pediatrics and Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Now Available: Web-Based Resource on Children with Special Health Care Needs (10/25/2006)

The Champions for Progress Center announces the availability of its Focus on Progress, a web-based reference tool that provides a concise "snapshot" of each state's system of care for children and youth with special health care needs (CYSHCN). Use it to educate families, state and community programs, legislators, and other partners.

The Champions for Progress Center provides leadership support for state and territorial Title V programs in the process of systems building at the state and community levels for CYSHCN. It is supported in part through a Maternal and Child Health Bureau cooperative agreement. Note that this project has ended and the aforementioned tool is no longer available.

New Online Manual Released to Help Children with DevelopmentalBehavioral Problems (10/25/2006)

The Commonwealth Fund recently announced the release of Linking Families Statewide with Community Resources: A Manual Based on Connecticut's Help Me Grow.

This online manual offers guidance for exploring, creating, and/or enhancing a single-point-of-access system to connect children at risk for developmental or behavioral problems with community resources.

MCHB Announces HTPC Funding Opportunity (10/18/2006)

The Health Resources and Services Administration’s Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) announces funding availability for its Healthy Tomorrows Partnership for Children Program (HTPC). The purpose of this program is to stimulate innovative community-based programs that employ prevention strategies to promote access to health care for children and their families nationwide.

Up to $600,000 is available to fund up to 12 HTPC grants per year ($50,000 available per grant, per year) for five years. Any public or private entity, including an Indian tribe or tribal organization is eligible to apply for federal funding under this announcement. Community-based organizations, including faith-based organizations, are eligible to apply.

The application due date is October 20, 2006. For more information about Announcement Number HRSA-07-011, CFDA No. 93.110, contact Jose Belardo of MCHB.

Lessons Learned Web Site Launches School Emergency Planning Page (10/11/2006)

The Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism in Oklahoma City, in conjunction with the Department of Homeland Security's Office of Grants and Training, has developed Lessons Learned Information Sharing, a secure, national, online network of lessons learned and best practices designed to help emergency response providers and homeland security officials prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from acts of terrorism.

Recently, the site launched a new School Emergency Planning page. This page houses a wealth of resources on the topic of school emergency planning, including after-action reports, documents, templates, plans, related links, recent news, upcoming conferences, and more.

NEJM Interviews Kellerman on Crisis in Emergency Care (10/04/2006)

Included in the Perspectives section of this week’s issue of the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), 2006 Sep 28; 355:1300-3, is an audio interview with Arthur Kellermann, MD, MPH, a member of the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) panel that studied the state of emergency medical care in the U.S.

In the interview, Dr. Kellermann presents highlights from the IOM report. He notes the shortage of nurses, insufficient coverage by on-call specialists, and unexpected consequences of EMTALA as a preface to the recommendations outlined in the recently-released IOM reports “Hospital Based Emergency Care: At the Breaking Point,” “Emergency Medical Services: At the Crossroads,” and “Pediatric Emergency Care: Growing Pains.”

SAMHSA and Ad Council Launch New Ads to Offer Mental Health Services to Hurricane Survivors, Including Children (09/06/2006)

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the Ad Council recently launched a series of new national public service ads (PSA) for print and billboard outlets to encourage individuals who may be experiencing psychological distress from last year's hurricanes to seek mental health services.

The PSAs, the latest ads created for the Hurricane Mental Health Awareness Campaign launched last fall, are being distributed to media outlets nationwide this week to coincide with the one-year anniversary of Hurricane Katrina. The campaign is designed to help adults, children, and first responders who have been affected by the hurricanes and who may be in need of mental health services.

Anthrax in Children Difficult to Detect and Treat, New Report Finds (08/29/2006)

Difficulties in diagnosing anthrax may lead to dangerous delays in caring for children infected with this often-deadly disease, according to a new report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Treating pediatric anthrax is also a special challenge because most currently recommended therapies have not been widely used to treat children with the disease.

NHTSA Releases Results of "Ease of Use" Child Safety Seat Survey (08/09/2006)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has released its 2006 Ease of Use child passenger safety seat ratings, based on their survey of 99 car seats and booster seats made by 14 different manufacturers.

NCHS QuickStats: U.S. Infant Mortality Rates Decline (06/28/2006)

According to the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), infant mortality rates decreased significantly in the United States from 1995 to 2003. The rate for non-Hispanic black mothers was significantly higher than for all other groups for both years; the rate for American Indian/Alaska Native mothers was significantly higher than for non-Hispanic whites, Hispanics, and Asians/Pacific Islanders for both years.

For more information, see Mathews TJ, MacDorman MF. “Infant mortality statistics from the 2003 period linked birth/infant death data set.”  Natl Vital Stat Rep 2006;54(16).

Research Publication on Pediatric Spleen Injury Available for Download (05/24/2006)

"Variation in Treatment of Pediatric Spleen Injury at Trauma Centers Versus Non-Trauma Centers: A Call for Dissemination of American Pediatric Surgical Association Benchmarks and Guidelines" was published in the February 2006 issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons 202(2): 247-251. Using a large database of children in four states, this study sought to compare the treatment of pediatric spleen injury between hospitals with and without recognized trauma expertise.

The study was supported in part by a Partnership for Information and Communication grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Health Resources and Services Administration’s Maternal and Child Health Bureau.

The full text article (html or pdf format) is available at no cost from the Journal of the American College of Surgeons web site.

MMWR Update: Multistate Outbreak of Mumps (05/24/2006)

Last week’s issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) includes a report summarizing preliminary data of the recent outbreak of mumps that began in Iowa in December 2005 and involved at least 10 additional states as of May 2, 2006. The report also provides recommendations to prevent and control mumps during an outbreak.

MCHB Releases National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs (03/10/2006)

The Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) has released the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs Chartbook 2005-2006. The chartbook provides both national and state-level data, and reports that 10.2 million children in the United States have special health care needs. More than a fifth of U.S. households with children have at least one child with special needs. Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) are defined as having or being at risk for "chronic physical, developmental, behavioral, or emotional conditions that have lasted or are expected to last at least 12 months."

The survey also found that 16 percent of CSHCN are reported to not receive all the services they need; more than 94 percent of CSHCN have a regular source of care when they are sick; 12 percent of families required mental health care or counseling related to the child's medical, behavioral, or other health conditions; and 24 percent of families reported that a parent had to stop working or cut work hours to care for their children.

The report is available by contacting the HRSA Information Center toll-free at 1-888-ASK-HRSA or 703-442-9051.

New Video Shows Clinicians How to Treat Children Exposed to Chemicals Used in Bioterrorist Attacks (02/10/2006)
Reprinted with permission from AHRQ Public Affairs.

The Department of Health and Human Services' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) recently released "The Decontamination of Children: Preparedness and Response for Hospital Emergency Departments," a 27-minute video that trains emergency responders and hospital emergency department staff to decontaminate children after being exposed to hazardous chemicals during a bioterrorist attack or other disaster.

The video provides a step-by-step demonstration of the decontamination process in real time and trains clinicians about the nuances of treating infants and children who require special attention during decontamination procedures. For example, children may be frightened not only by the emergency situation itself, but also may be afraid to undergo decontamination without their parents; children also take longer to go through the decontamination process than adults.

"This video provides a valuable and straightforward overview for first responders and hospital emergency personnel on decontaminating infants, children, and parents who have been exposed to dangerous chemical agents," AHRQ Director Carolyn Clancy, MD, said. "I hope this will be a valuable tool for those taking care of children, who will be one of our most vulnerable populations during a bioterrorist attack or other emergency."

Produced for AHRQ's Bioterrorism Preparedness Research Program by Michael Shannon, MD, MPH, chief of the Division of Emergency Medicine at Children's Hospital, Boston, the video outlines key differences between decontaminating children and adults; provides an overview for constructing portable and permanent decontamination showers and designating hot and cold zones; and provides steps to establishing and maintaining pediatric decontamination capacity in a hospital emergency department. A free, single copy of the video – available in DVD or VHS format – may be ordered by calling (800) 358-9295.

AAP Releases Policy Statement on Pediatricians’ Role in Rural EMS (02/10/2006)

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a revised policy statement, ”The Role of the Pediatrician in Rural Emergency Medical Services for Children," outlining key roles pediatricians can play in developing, implementing, and supervising emergency medical services for children in rural America. The policy statement appeared in the December issue of Pediatrics.

NICHD Alerts Parents to Winter SIDS Risk and Updated AAP Recommendations (02/10/2006)

The number of infants who die from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS, increases in the cold winter months, according to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). During these colder months, parents often place extra blankets or clothes on infants, hoping to provide them with more warmth. In fact, the extra material may actually increase infants' risk for SIDS.

For more information about this and the recently revised American Academy of Pediatric (AAP) recommendation on reducing the risk SIDS, access the NICHD new release.